Jim Hollingsworth claims that we should be “Using phonics to teach reading,” (Sept. 4). Here is what recent research says: Children who have had intensive phonics instruction do better on tests in which they have to pronounce words presented on a list. But they don’t do better on tests in which they have to understand what they read. Children who do lots of reading for pleasure do better on both kinds of tests.

Stephen Krashen,

Professor Emeritus at University of Southern California,

Los Angeles, CA